Although I wrote in a previous blog that I was not familiar with wastewater reuse systems in my country (Hungary), I spoke too soon. After a little research, I found an article online about Attila Bodnár, co-founder of a company called Organica, which specializes in "reuse and recycling of treated wastewater."
Organica’s wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) or reclamation gardens (RG), as Bodnár prefers to call them, are basically botanical gardens that treat waste or excreta with Fixed-Bed Biofilm Activated Sludge (FBAS) to create reusable reclaimed effluent for use in irrigation, toilet flushing (like what I mentioned in my previous blog), and for various industrial or commercial processes. With further treatment, the effluent could even meet some drinking water standards.
What makes the reclamation garden unique is the process. It is a highly engineered environment using natural processes using less surface areas. It is modern and is basically odorless, making it ideal to install such reclamation gardens (a much prettier name than wastewater treatment plants) even in the middle of the cities.
Perhaps soon there will be more cities adopting this process and adding value to treating excreta (something that most people consider unhealthy and disgusting) locally by including reclamation gardens.
Figure1: A Reclaimed Garden in Budapest. This technology is already being used in Hungary, France, China, and Canada
(Figure resource: http://38.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_m29g9yvBTe1r4dz25)
To read more about this method, check out these websites: